Testosterone therapy, sometimes referred to simply as testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), is a type of drug therapy in which synthetic testosterone is substituted for natural testosterone in the body. This therapy has been used extensively over the last several decades. However, this therapy can also cause serious side effects. In order to avoid these side effects, patients who are thinking about undergoing TRT should be tested for hypogonadism through an in-clinic visit. In addition, some men may also experience some unwanted side effects such as acne, hair loss, decreased sex drive, enlarged breasts, and increased body fat. Testosterone Therapy Denver Association is an excellent resource for this.
Testosterone therapy is often used in conjunction with other treatments such as surgery to remove excess androgen hormones. Androgen replacement therapy is also commonly recommended to offset the symptoms of male hyperandrogression. This condition occurs when an abnormal gene, usually present in the adrenal glands, causes excessive production of testosterone in males.
Testosterone replacement therapy is commonly prescribed for patients who suffer from diseases such as hypogonadism (low testosterone levels), Cushing’s syndrome (unusual cases of enlarged breasts), hyperthyroidism (hyperactive thyroid) or chronic kidney disease. Additionally, men with liver or pituitary tumors may also be prescribed testosterone treatment in order to remove tumor-causing hormones from the system.
Most patients who are diagnosed with Cushing’s syndrome or hypogonadism undergo testosterone treatment in order to increase their muscle mass and to reduce muscle and bone density. In some men with Cushing’s syndrome or hypogonadism, TRT may also be used to enhance the size of the testicles, increase libido, improve sexual functioning, and reduce fat deposits on the abdominal wall.
In addition to this testosterone treatment, some men who have Cushing’s syndrome or hypogonadism also need additional testosterone supplements. Supplements such as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) inhibitors are commonly prescribed by doctors to treat these andropause-related conditions. LHRH inhibitors help to block the effects of testosterone on the pituitary gland that leads to enlarged breasts, increased fat deposits on the abdominal wall, and decreased energy. LHRH blockers are also used to treat the pituitary tumor that is responsible for enlarged prostate. Testosterone therapy may also be used in conjunction with estrogen treatment in order to correct the pituitary tumor.
Men who suffer from conditions such as Cushing’s syndrome or hypogonadism may also require testosterone therapy for several months after their condition is diagnosed in order to minimize the negative effects of testosterone treatment on the health of these men. Once men have achieved a healthy level of testosterone in the body, testosterone therapy will not be necessary to maintain optimal health. This is because testosterone levels will decrease naturally as men age and as they begin to grow out of their teen years.